By the early 1950s, Stalin had established a degree of control over the Communist bloc to which his successors could only aspire. Khrushchev and the Bloc: Crises, Consolidation, and the Sino-Soviet Rift After Stalin died in March 1953, a shift began within the Soviet bloc, as the new leaders in Moscow ...
1 Red Strains: Music and Communism outside the Communist Bloc after 1945 CONFERENCE PROGRAMME NB: The Gallery, Auditorium, Lecture Room and Council Room are located on the first floor.
For the Soviets, it bore direct relevance to a positive view of Soviet foreign policy, as well as the justification for the creation of the communist bloc ("the socialist camp"), headed, of course, by the Soviet Union.
From 1958 or so onward, the combined intelligence and security resources of the entire Communist bloc were committed by Communist governments to playing an influential part in the implementation of the new long-range bloc policy.
6 ethnic fractionalization, literacy, as well as a year variable intended to capture any temporal democracy trends. 3 Most importantly for the present analysis, the regressions include three different dummy variables identifying countries of the former communist bloc: the first version captures the 28 ex ...
The story both illustrates the nature of Soviet and communist bloc disinformation programs and demonstrates the potential long-term consequences.
And what led to the collapse of the communist regimes throughout the bloc by the end of that year? I argue that a combination of international and domestic factors explain the changes in Eastern Europe in the late 1980s.
Responses and Attitudes toward the Collapse in Former and Surviving Communist States The response to the collapse in the former Soviet bloc countries and the Soviet Union has been determined largely by the gap between the expectations raised by such momentous change and the fulfillment of those expectations.
Between 1953 and 1956, the leadership in Moscow "never considered letting the satellite states desert the communist bloc" (Bekes, Working Paper #16, 4).
Two institutions of international and cultural control in particular-the Warsaw Pactandethnofederalism-played key roles in determining which communist regimes failed and which survived.