A non-castrated male with no testes present in the scrotum is a bilateral cryptorchid (i.e., a bilaterally cryptorchid individual). A male with only one testis present in the scrotum (Fig. 2) is a unilateral cryptorchid.
1 CRYPTORCHIDISM Patrick M. McCue DVM, PhD, Diplomate American College of Theriogenologists A horse is considered to be a cryptorchid (also known as a rig or ridgling) if one or both testes are not fully descended into the scrotum.
Left testicular cryptorchid has intra-abdominal location, while right cryptorchid testis tends to be in the inguinal canal (2). Intersex individuals commonly have cryptorchid testes (3).
Lowe, J. E. and Higginbotham, R. Castration of abdominal cryptorchid horses by a paramedian laparotomy approach. Cornell Veterinarian. 1969; 59(1):121-126; ISSN: 0010-8901.
Overall, cryptorchidism usually is unilateral; scrotal testes in unilateral cryptorchid males often produce fewer than normal numbers of sperm, with an increased percentage of abnormal sperm.
Group A rats were rendered experimentally cryptorchid by anchoring the upper pole of the testis to the posterior abdominal wall. Group B rats were sham operated to serve as control. 56 days after cryptorchidism induction, bilateral testicular weight, bilateral testicular volume, bilateral caudal ...
778 J. Med. Med. Sci. experimental models of cryptorchidism (DeFoor et al., 2004). L-arginine decreases oxidative stress by reduction of
cryptorchid and monorchid horses are a m o r e complex diagnostic and surgical challenge. This article provides practi tioners with a re v i e w of re l e v ant infor
He mentioned that several methods are used for diagnosis of the cryptorchid testicle including ultrasonography, hormonal evaluation, pneumoperitoneography, herniography, venography, arteriography, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, laparotomy and laparoscopy, indicating that the ideal ...
Question1) What is the RR of Testicular Cancer in a Cryptorchid or Formerly Cryptorchid Testis? An association between testicularmaldescent and testis cancer has been known for more than acen-tury. 12 Few urologists would argue with the state-mentthatthereis an association between UDT and testicular cancer.