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The elephant, the largest of land mammals,

2 Biology of Elephants Because of the elephants, long evolution, many of their systems and organs are quite highly specialized. These adaptations help to sustain life, and maintain the reproductive balance and social order of the biggest mammals on land.

Journal of the African Elephant, African Rhino and Asian ...

Elephants were previously extirpated from HUP and were introduced back into it from KNP starting in 1983 (detailed in Dominy et al. 1998). The HUP elephant population was thus founded in 1983, ...

Post-Traumatic Stress and Elephants in Captivity

Post-Traumatic Stress and Elephants in Captivity G.A. Bradshaw Ph.D., Ph.D. & Lorin Lindner Ph.D., M.P.H. Like people, Elephants can also become victims of past traumas and exhibit symptoms of PTSD years after the experience Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that describes ...

Human Conflict with African and Asian Elephants and ...

1 Human Conflict with African and Asian Elephants and Associated Conservation Dilemmas Lynette A. Hart and Caitlin E. O'Connell Center for Animals in Society in the School of Veterinary Medicine and Ecology Graduate Group, respectively, at the University of California, Davis, 95616 USA.

Estimating elephant densities from wells and droppings in ...

Elephants do not spend time in the river sand unless drinking or mud bathing and normally spend between 30 and 45 mindiggingand drinking (Pers. obs. H.B. Rasmussen).

Asian Elephant

Wild elephants in captivity. center for the study of elephants . : . AsianElephantmd Edition Date - 10/18/2005 Researched and written by the Friends of the Rosamond Gifford Zoo Education Volunteers Page 3 of 4 • Ciszek, D. 1999.

The Elephant Sanctuary's Internal Staff Newsletter

This week, as every week, we are grateful for the gift of knowing each of our elephants, and for the gift of each other. Everyone plays a part in the Sanctuary's mission.


Elephants sleep only a few hours a night and can sleep either standing or laying down. STATUS: Endangered (Appendices I, II of CITES). REFERENCES: Elephants.

Elephant-to-Human Transmission of Tuberculosis

[Rendi Murphree] Well, concern about tuberculosis, or TB, transmission among human and elephants was raised in the late 1990s and it was suspected that elephants gave TB to their handlers.

Ultimate Guide: Elephants: Teacher's Guide

Ultimate Guide: Elephants: Teacher's Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Animals Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Enter the elephant's world and discover provocative evidence that this intelligent beast has feelings and even a sense of humor!