Intercultural Communication Studies III: 1 1993 Sanae Tsuda 63 Indirectness in Discourse: What Does It Do in Conversation?
International Journal of Intercultural Relations 26 (2002) 39-57 Directnessvs. indirectness: Egyptian Arabic and US English communication style GayleL.
Indirectness and Politeness in Mexican Requests J. César Félix-Brasdefer Indiana University 1. Introduction The notions of indirectness and politeness play a crucial role in the negotiation of face during the realization of speech acts such as requests.
INDIRECTNESS: THE GENERAL PREFERENCE OF THE CHINESE IN THEIR ENGLISH WRITING Revisiting Indirectness in the English Writing of the Chinese
6 Indirectness and Euphemism 6.1 Introduction The relationship between production of indirect and euphemistic language use and variability in its motivation and formation in different cultures have been noted by many scholars (Blum-Kulka, House and Kasper, 1989 ; Blum-Kulka, 1991; Mc Glone and ...
1 Article 9 Why Don't You Say What You Mean? Directness is not necessarily logical or effective. Indirectness is not necessarily manipulative or insecure.
A Study of Indirectness in Business Meetings . LANCY FUNG The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract . The present study examines spoken interactions (with a focus on indirectness) performed by speakers in intercultural external meetings between a Hong Kong-based ...
Indirectness and Relational Focus Conversational indirectness has long been considered a cause of interpersonal misunderstanding. Indirectness occurs when there is a discrepancy between sentence meaning and speaker meaning (Grice, 1968).
in NNSwritingcan be traced to LI rhetorical pa radigms, the L 2 use of such devices can be explicitly taught. Notions of indirectness have been traditionally associated with speech acts.
Indirectness Lakoff (1975) identifies two benefits of indirectness: defensiveness and rapport. Defensiveness refers to a speaker's preference not to go on record with an idea in order to be able to disclaim,rescind, or modify it if it does not meet with a positive response.