Muscarinic Receptor Blockade in the Ventral Tegmental Area Attenuates Cocaine Enhancement of Laterodorsal Tegmentum Stimulation-Evoked Accumbens Dopamine Efflux in the Mouse Muscarinic receptor blockade in the ventral tegmental area attenuates cocaine enhancement of laterodorsal tegmentum ...
The dorsal vessel collects blood from the capillary networks of the organs and the body wall and discharges into the intestinal capillaries and the caudal laterodorsal vessels.
Midbrain dopaminergic cell tonic and phasic activity is closely dependent upon projections from hindbrainpedunculopontine and the laterodorsal tegmental nuclei, which comprises the only known cholinergic inputs to these neurons.
laterodorsal tegmental nucleus in the rat. Brain Res Bull. 25, 271–284. David, V., et al., 2006. Reinforcing effects of nicotine microinjections into the ventral tegmental area of mice:
Both controls and pilocarpine-treated animals presented neo-Timm staining in the anterodorsal nucleus, laterodorsal nucleus, reticular nucleus, most intralaminar nuclei, nucleus reuniens, and rhomboid nucleus of the thalamus, as well as in the zona incerta.
Abbreviations: BF, basal forebrain; Ach, acetylcholine; LH, lateral hypothalamus; Hcrt, hypocretin; VLPO, ventrolateral preoptic nucleus; GABA, γ-aminobu-tyric acid; Gal, galanin; TMN, tuberomammillary nucleus; His, histamine; LDT/PPT, laterodorsal tegmental and pedunculopontine tegmental nuclei ...
G protein activation was quantified in nCi/g tissue for pontine reticular formation, dorsal raphe, ventrolateral and dorsomedial peri-aqueductal gray, and laterodorsal and pedunculopontine tegmental nuclei.
tuberomamillary nucleus b. dorsal raphe nucleus c. substantia nigra d. pedunculopontine/laterodorsal tegmental areas e. ventrolateral preoptic area Answer: E Reference: Espana, RA, Scammell, TE.
The most accepted neuroanatomical model involves reciprocal inhibitory interactions between cholinergic[e.g. laterodorsal tegmental (LDT) area and pedunculopontine (PPT) nuclei]and monoaminergic[e.g. locuscoeruleus (LC), raphe and tuberomamillary (TMN) nuclei]cells groups of the brainstem.
BF, basal forebrain cholinergic nuclei; LDT/ PPT, laterodorsal tegmental nuclei/pedunculopontine tegmental nuclei; CR, caudal raphe; PRF, pontine reticular formation; ACh, acetylc holine; PLM, periodic leg movements during sleep; NE, norepinephrine; GLY, glycine; GLU, glutamate. a b Rebecca Henretta ...