The Boxplot Purpose: a simple graphical device to display the overall shape of a distribution, including the outliers. 1. Calculate Q1, median, Q3 and the 1.5 IQR outlier limits.

Also, to change a character to the roman or boldface font, the control sequences\**mathrm** and \mathbfmustbeused (rather than \textrmand\textbf). The following example illustrates the use of boldface in mathematical formulae.

No. Text MathMacro Category Requirements Comments 003B1 α [na]\alpha mathalpha-literal =\**mathrm**{\alpha} (omlmathrm), =\alphaup (kpfontsmathdesign), =\upalpha (upgreek), alpha, greek 003B2 β [na]\beta mathalpha-literal =\**mathrm**{\beta} (omlmathrm), =\betaup (kpfontsmathdesign), =\upbeta (upgreek ...

The predenedmath alphabets are: Alphabet Description Example \mathnormal default abcX YZ \**mathrm** roman abcXYZ \mathbf bold roman abcXYZ \mathsf sans serif abcXYZ \mathit text italic ab cXYZ \mathtt typewriterabcXYZ \mathcal calligraphic XYZ Other math fonts are selected implicitly by T E Xforsymbols, with commands such as ...

Greek and Hebrew letters. L A T E XMathematical Symbols The more unusual symbols are not defined in base L A T E X (NFSS) and require \usepackage{amssymb} 1 Greek and Hebrew letters \alpha \kappa \psi z \digamma \Delta \Theta \beta \lambda \rho "\varepsilon\Gamma\Upsilon \chi µ\mu \sigma ...

If you really need it, use the optional argument of the sectioning commands. For example: \chapter[The water \texorpdfstring{$\**mathrm**{H_2O}$}{H2O}) ...]

However, size and font don'tchange with the surrounding math. $\mathit{non\mbox{-}unique}$ non-unique $\mbox{non-unique}$ non-unique $\**mathrm**{non\mbox{-}unique}$ non-unique $A_{\mathit{non\mbox{-}unique}}$A non - unique \boldmath$A_{\mbox{non-unique}}$A non-unique Good: defining a mathchar To obtain a proper ...

The Euler equation, which was used as an example earlier, can therefore also be typed as \begin{equation} \**mathrm**{e}^{\**mathrm**{i}\pi}+1=0 \label{eq:euler} \end{equation} •Geometric functions, e.g. exp, sin, cos, tan, etc. L A T E Xprovidesmacros \sin, \cos, \tan for these and similar functions.

Fonts in mathematical environment •default$x\cdoty$—x·y •\mathbf{}—x·y •\**mathrm**{}—x·y •\mathbb{}—X·Y—use only for capital letters •\mathcal{}—X·Y—use only for capital letters •\mathfrak{}—X·Y 5.

O $\frac{1}{2}\,\**mathrm**{H}_2\**mathrm**{O}$ In addition, one has to care about the height of subscripts, as the following example shows (2 and 7 are not aligned properly).