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Nowaketal

Nature 471, E1 (2011). doi:10.1038/nature09831

Inclusive fitness theory andeusociality ARISING FROM M. A. Nowak, C. E. Tarnita&E. O. Wilson Nature 466,1057-1062 (2010) Nowaketal. 1 argue that inclusive fitness theory has been of little value in explaining the natural world, and that it has led to negligible pro-gressin explaining the ...

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Inclusive fitness theory andeusociality;< ARISING FROM M. A. Nowak, C. E. Tarnita&E. O. Wilson Nature 466,1057-1062 (2010) Nowaketal. 1 argue that inclusive fitness theory has been of little value in explaining the natural world, and that it has led to negligible pro-gressin explaining the ...

Evolution of language diversity: the survival of the fitness

Our approach is motivated both by communication models employed in studies of language evolution (Nowaketal., 2000; Nowaketal., 1999; Nowakand Krakauer, 1999; Komarovaand Nowak, 2001; Kirby, 2000; Kirby, 2002; Batali, 1998), and by migration models that are widely used in population genetics, such as ...

Air pollution removal by urban trees and shrubs in the United ...

Total tree canopy cover in each city was based on aerial photograph sampling ( Nowaketal., 1996 ) or advanced very high resolution radiometer data ( Dwyeretal., 2000 ; Nowaketal., 2001 ).

Urban ForestHealth Monitoring: Large-Scale Assessments in the ...

The model has been adapted touse statewide data and general estimates for structural value (Nowaketal. 2002), air pollution removal (Nowaketal. 2006), carbon storage and sequestration (Nowakand Crane, 2002), risk to certain pests and diseases (Nowaketal. 2001), and building energy conservation (Nowaketal ...

ARTICLE IN PRESS

A crucial quantity is the fixation probability of strategies; this is the probability thata newly introduced mutant, using a different strategy, takes over the population ( Nowaketal., 2004 ; Tayloretal., 2004 ; Imhofand Nowak, 2006 ; Nowak, 2006a , Traulsenetal., 2006 ; Lessardand Ladret, 2007 ; ...

The genetical theory of kin selection

... A Hamilton'sruleregression analysis of additive effects does not require the absence of nonadditive effects Queller, 1992a; Frank, 1997a, 1998; Lehmann&Keller, 2006a,b; Gardneretal. , 2007 2 Strong selection Charlesworth, 1980; Bulmer, 1994; Wenseleers, 2006; Traulsenetal. , 2008; Traulsen, 2010; Nowaketal. , ...

Evolutionary graph theory: Breaking the symmetry between ...

Throughout this paper we study the case w 51, which is the limit of'weak-selection' ( Nowaketal., 2004 ). Studying this limit can be justified in two different ways.

Carbon storage and sequestration by urban trees in the USA

Urban areas in the lower 48 United States have doubled in area between 1969 and 1994, and currently occupy3.5%of the land base with an average tree cover of 27.1% (Dwyeretal., 2000; Nowaketal., 2001b). 0269-7491/01/$-see front matter Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. PII: S0269-7491(01)00 214-7 ...

Oxygen Production by Urban Trees in the United States

Biom ass for each measured tree was calculated using equations from the literature with inputs ofdbhandtree height (see Nowak 1994; Nowaketal. 2002a).