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Spinescent

Regulation of shrub dynamics by native browsing ungulates on ...

47 Browsing ungulates and shrubland dynamics © 2004 British Ecological Society, Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 45-58 evaluate how browsers differentially affect shrub species, and relate these effects to shrub defences against herb ivores (e.g. spinescent, fine-leaved Acacia spp. vs. non-spinescent, broad ...

Typical habit of dwarf coastal form found on heavy clay soils ...

stipules spinescent, up to 7 (max. 17) cm long, rather robust, whitish, often deflexed, sometimes fusiform-inflated, up to 1 cm or more. Leaves with small to large (sometimes paired) gland at the junction of

Twin Lakes Brochure

Rocky soils sparkle with tiny, but eye-catching, magenta flowers of spinescent fameflower. Wildlife Shrub steppe and its native plant communities are home to so much life!

Mancos Milkvetch, (Astragalus humillimus), Plant Guide

No other mat-forming Astragalus species has persistent, sub-spinescent petioles (Barneby, 1964). Stems are up to 0.4 in (1 cm) long and are crowded with matted leaves up to 1.6 in (4 cm) long, which are made up of several oval or nearly rounded leaflets no more than 0.1 in (2 millimeters [mm]) long.

Diet selection and forage quality factors affecting woody ...

More importantly, they represent vari-ouscanopy retention patterns (deciduous versus evergreen), physical defences (spinescentversus non-spinescent) and shoot growth patterns (short-shoots versus long-shoots).

New taxa of signal flies (Diptera: Platystomatidae) of New ...

Setulae on mesopleuron (perhaps sexually dimorphic) shorter than in either sex of E. hendeli , those near posterior margin moderately short, black, moderately thick, those on upper part fine, minute, and pale, those in compact ventral group black, thick and somewhat spinescent; setulae on anterior part ...

BOTANY SECTION Compiled by Richard E. Weaver, Jr., Ph.D.

The stiff leaflets (called pinnae) are much darker green above than below, have a sharp, spinescent tip and grow 12-17 cm long. The leaves are similar to those of the king sago ( C. revoluta Thunb ), but they are longer, flatter, and the margins of the pinnae are not strongly rolled under (revolute).

Amaranthaceae E. van Jaarsveld

often ±strongly zigzag, tips often spinescent; L 1.5 - 3.6 cm with 3 - 4 (-5) pairs of leaflets, glabrous, somewhat coriaceous; leaflets circular to elongate

Curriculum Vitae - Johan T. du Toit

Community-level interactions between ungulate browsers and woody plants in an African savanna dominated by palatable-spinescent Acacia trees. Journal of Arid Environments 72 :534-

Effects of goat pastoralism on ecosystem carbon storage in ...

The P. afra matrix is interwoven with a variety of multistemmed, evergreen, spinescent shrubs ( Azima tetracantha Lam., Gymno-sporia polyacantha (Sond.)