Although most insurgencies have failed for many reasons, throughout history there have been enough successful insurgencies to establish this form of warfare as the best option for a nonstate enemy in undermining the interests of the United States and its allies.
Every successful insurgency is dominated by a feeling that the end justifies the means. Effective Ideology. National insurgencies in particular depend on ideology to unify, inspire, explain why the existing system is unjust or illegitimate, and rationalize the use of violence to alter or overthrow the ...
From a strategic standpoint, though, there are some key changes or discontinuities with effects that have not yet been fully understood: The remainder of this paper will examine the ongoing insurgencies in Iraq and Afghanistan through the lens of these characteristics of successful insurgencies and ...
I also believe that receipt of external assistance is the most common denominator among successful insurgencies; few if any insurgencies have won without it. 8 Varying combinations of weaker political will, inferior strategy, democratic governance, and failure to isolate insurgent access to external ...
PREREQUISITES OF SUCCESSFUL INSURGENCIES A. INTRODUCTION It is not yet clear what conditions are necessary and sufficient for the initiation of an insurgency.
However, when successful insurgencies violently propose alternate systems to a population, they create economic, social, and political infrastructure to co-opt inhabitants away from the regime.
Manuals on counterinsurgency, the discipline of how to suppress an insurgency, followed in the wake of studies of the first major successful modern insurgencies, the Arab Revolt (1916-1918) and the Anglo-Irish War (1919-21) (Beckett, 2001).
A willingness to concede something less than total annihilation of rebel forces is a common trait among successful insurgencies. Fifth, capture of key leaders is often important to breaking an insurgency.
What do the dynamics of an insurgent defeat look like in the face of a successful counterinsurgency campaign? What do the dynamics of state collapse look like in the wake of a successful insurgency? What explains these dynamics? Can insurgencies ever end in a stalemate in the absence of a "clean win"?
5 We need to look no further than to the leaders of successful insurgencies from the past century to see legitimacy's importance to success. Ho Chi Minh invoked the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the French Revolution's "Rights of Man" in declaring Vietnam independent from France in 1945.